Neuro-diversity in cyber security
Around 15 per cent of the population in the UK is thought to be neurodiverse. This is a term that covers a range of neurological conditions, ranging from autism and Asperger's syndrome to ADHD, dyslexia and dyspraxia. However, this group is often greatly under-represented in the workforce.
For example, there are estimated to be around 700,000 people in the UK on the autistic spectrum. Yet the National Autistic Society notes only 16 per cent of adults in this group are in full-time employment - and this figure has barely changed in more than a decade.
However, there are many opportunities for these individuals to make a difference in the workplace, and one sector that could be especially well-placed to benefit from this largely-untapped resource is cyber security.
The opportunities in cyber security
The cyber security industry is currently experiencing a major skills shortage, which means businesses are crying out for people with the talents and knowledge to help keep their systems safe from attack.
It's estimated that globally, there will be 3.5 million unfilled vacancies in cyber security roles by 2021 as a result of this skills gap, which could leave many firms vulnerable to hacking attacks and other cyber security incidents.
As a result, cyber security offers a highly competitive environment, with companies willing to offer significant incentives to the best talent. What's more, many of the skills demanded for these roles will be well-aligned with those possessed by many neurodiverse individuals, making them an ideal fit for roles in this sector.
The skills the industry needs
NeuroCyberUK is an organisation Cyber Security Jobsite works with that is dedicated to helping promote the benefits of neurodiverse people in the security sector. It notes that people in this category often have several key skills and personality traits that make them especially well-suited for a career in the security sector.
Founder of the organisation Mike Spain says, for instance: "The ability to spot patterns in large data sets can lead to a great career in cyber." Meanwhile, people with autism may have a strong ability to assimilate and retain detailed information, while those with ADHD can often remain composed in high-pressure situations, such as a cyber attack.
NeuroCyberUK observes that some of the essential skills needed to be successful in this sector include:
- Logical and methodical ways of thinking
- Attention to detail
- Cognitive pattern recognition skills
- Highly focused
- Creative, outside the box thinking
- Reliability, loyalty and dedication
It is, however, important for employers as well to be aware of the strengths of neurodiverse candidates and consider how they will fit into their organisation. These individuals should be seen as much more than a good way to fill a skills gap. Diversity brings strength to businesses, offers new ways of looking at challenges, and helps boost a firm's productivity and reputation.
The roles available for neurodiverse employees
It's important to avoid stereotyping when it comes to neurodiversity in the cyber security sector, as individuals will have a wide range of skills that can be used in different ways. For example, there is a perception that people on the autism spectrum are particularly good with maths, but this is certainly not the case for everyone.
However, by identifying where each persons' individual skills lie and what roles they will be best-suited for, prospective employees can find jobs tailored to their skill sets and interests.
This may, for example, include threat analysis, penetration testing and SOC analysis, as these roles require exactly the type of skills neurodiverse people are likely to have.
Many of the country's largest and most prominent cyber security organisations welcome people with neurodiverse backgrounds. GCHQ, for example, has long attracted neurodiverse staff and has had a specialised neurodiversity support service for 20 years.
Therefore, there are growing opportunities for neurodiverse individuals with the right skills, training and clearances to find exciting careers in cyber security. To find the role that's right for you, please register your details here. You will be able to search for the latest jobs and set up Job Alerts to be emailed to you on a daily basis.